Useful Materials for Sustainable Tourism

Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) 2004. The CBD Guidelines on biodiversity and tourism development. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal, Canada.

Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) 2007. Users’ Manual on the CBD Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal, Canada. 92225-9-8

EUROPARC Federation and ECEAT 2012. Practical, profitable, protected:  a starter guide to developing sustainable tourism in protected areas.

Global Sustainable Tourism Council 2012. Global Sustainable Tourism Criteria.

IUCN 2008. Biodiversity: My hotel in action - a guide to sustainable use of biological resources. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.

IUCN 2012. Siting and design of hotels and resorts. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. 2005. Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Synthesis.
Island Press, Washington, DC.

Ministry of Environment and Tourism. 2007. The Economic value of Namibia’s protected area system:  a case for increased investment. Posted here.

OECD/United Nations Environment Programme. 2011. Climate Change and Tourism Policy in OECD countries. OECD Studies on Tourism, OECD Publishing.

Ramsar Convention Secretariat. 2010. The Ramsar Handbooks for the wise use of wetlands, 4th ed. Ramsar Convention Secretariat, Gland, Switzerland.

Ramsar Convention Secretariat. 2011. The Ramsar Convention Manual: a guide to the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar, Iran, 1971). 5th ed. Ramsar Convention Secretariat, Gland, Switzerland.

Republic of Mozambique, Ministry of Tourism. 2009. Tourism development plan for the Parque Nacional das Quirimbas, A general overview for investors. Available here.

SPREP 2012. Press Release, 17.03.2012

TEEB 2010. The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity: Mainstreaming the Economics of Nature: A synthesis of the approach, conclusions and recommendations of TEEB. Link here.

UNEP 2005. Forging links between protected areas and the tourism sector: How tourism can benefit conservation. UNEP Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (DTIE). Production and Consumption Unit. Tourism Programme. Paris, France.

UNEP 2011. Towards a Green Economy: pathways to sustainable development and poverty eradication – Tourism: investing in energy and resource efficiency. PART II: Investing in energy and resource efficiency: Tourism.


UNEP & CMS. 2006. Wildlife watching and tourism: a study of the benefits and risks of a fast growing tourism activity and its impacts on species. UNEP/CMS Secretariat, Bonn, Germany.

UNEP & UNWTO. 2005. Making tourism more sustainable: a guide for policy makers. UNEP Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (DTIE). Production and Consumption Unit. Tourism Programme. Paris, France. UNEP and UNWTO. Madrid, Spain.

UNWTO 2004. The Seven ST-EP Mechanisms.

UNWTO 2010a. Tourism and biodiversity – achieving common goals towards sustainability. UNWTO. Madrid, Spain.

UNWTO 2010b. Manual on tourism and poverty alleviation – practical steps for destinations. UNWTO. Madrid, Spain.

UNWTO 2011. Tourism towards 2030. UNWTO, Madrid, Spain.

UNWTO Tourism Highlights 2011 Edition.

UNWTO press release, 7 May 2012.

UNWTO & UNEP 2008. Climate Change and Tourism - Responding to Global Challenges. UNEP and UNWTO. Madrid, Spain.

Van der Duim, R. & Henkens, R., 2007. Wetlands, poverty reduction and sustainable tourism development, opportunities and constraints. Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

WWF Corridor  Newsletter 2/2011 available here.  

WWF 2008. The tourist Climate Footprint. Report on environmental impacts of holidays. Available here.

Additional useful material

AEWA 2002. Technical Series No.22. AEWA Conservation Guidelines No. 7. Guidelines on the development of ecotourism at wetlands.

Borges, M.A., Carbone, G., Bushell, R. and Jaeger, T. 2011. Sustainable tourism and natural World Heritage - priorities for action. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. 29pp.

UNEP 2006. Tourism and deserts: a practical guide to managing the social and environmental impacts in the desert recreation sector.

UNEP 2007. Tourism and mountains: a practical guide to managing the environmental and social impacts of mountain tours.

UNESCO 2002. World Heritage Series n°1 - Managing tourism at World Heritage Sites: a practical manual for World Heritage Site managers.

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